Friday, May 22, 2020

About Judaism, Christianity, and Islam - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 5 Words: 1535 Downloads: 2 Date added: 2019/07/12 Category Religion Essay Level High school Topics: Christianity Essay Islam Essay Judaism Essay Did you like this example? Introduction Human beings have been curious for long about the purpose and meaning of life. Religions have tried to bring this curiosity to an end by providing them with an answer about a higher and powerful source, identifying this greater domination as God. Some religions believe in the existence of one God. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "About Judaism, Christianity, and Islam" essay for you Create order These faiths are known as a monotheistic religion. Examples of such religions are Christianity, Judaism, and Islam (Armstrong). Each religion possess a different perspective on beliefs and teachings; they have one thread in common which is believing in one God. In this research paper, I will discuss the historical perspective of each religion, their similarities and their differences. History of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Judaism The history of Judaism started way back in 1200 B.C. The initial nomads who lived in Canaan near Egypt were nomads. The Jewish patriarchs (leaders) as well as prophets (inspired teachers) were committed to the almighty God (Armstrong). They emphasized on complete obedience and commitment to Yahweh by strictly adhering to moral law or code of conduct. The Jewish holy text is known as Tenakh, what the Christians call Old Testament. Within the holy text of Tanakh lies five books of Torah, which starts with creation story of the universe by Gods word (Peters). The Torah mainly talk about early Hebrews and Yahweh communicating with Moses. According to the holy text, this communication created laws on both worship as well as daily life. The Torah is essential in the Jewish worship. In the synagogue during worship, the rabbi removes the Torah while rolled to a scroll from ark in form of cupboard. He then carries the scroll while covered with silver crown and with a lectern (Peters). The Rabbi then opens the scroll and read to the congregation. Christianity Christianity began as an offshoot of Judaism around first century C. E. Early Christian communities were usually prosecuted until in 324 C.E. when the Roman Emperor, Constantine was converted to a Christian (Armstrong). Then Roman Empire then turned to the Holy Roman Empire. The capital city of the Holy Roman Empire moved to Constantinople from Rome. Development of Christian groups was due to small and large splits. For instance, the Orthodox Church together its leaders (patriarch) split and parted way with Roman Catholic Church in 1054 C.E. due to doctrinal and political differences. Around 16th century, Martin Luther was upset by the Catholic papacy corruption (Peters). He led a reformation movement which resulted in the establishment of Protestantism. Christians believe in and view Jesus Christ as both the Messiah as well as Son of God. According to them, Jesus Christ is the savior of the universe. Christianity initially began as a sect of Judaism. They embraced numerous Judaic practices and views. After Jesus died, Christians were able to differentiate themselves from Jewish. The rapid growth of Christianity as a religion in the early years was because of a Greek-speaking Jew and a Roman known as Saul of Tarsus and who later became St. Paul (Peters). He preached immensely and started more churches in Turkey, the Middle East as well as Greece. Today, Christianity has really grown and is an influential religious force in the universe especially in the west. The holy book in Christianity is called the Bible. It is divided into Old Testament and New Testament. It has 66 books of the Judeo-Christian Scriptures. The New Testament has 26 books as well as letters which interprets parts of Tenakh from the Christians viewpoint (Peters). Currently, Christianity is the largest religion in the world. It is more evenly spread around the universe. Islam Islam started around early seventh century C.E. It started in settled desert community of Mecca, which is the current Saudi Arabia. Islam developed from both cultural values of nomadic Bedouin Arabian tribes and Judeo-Christian tradition (Gilman). Islam expanded and spread to regions which were controlled by Byzantine Empire (comprising of Orthodox and Greek-speaking Christians with diverse population) as well as Sassanian Empire (Persian-speaking and Zoroastrian but also diverse). Around mid-eighth century, Islam had widely spread into Europe, North America, East, and Central Asia. Islam religion continued to grow and spread in South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia. The origin and growth of Islam religion can be attributed to Prophet Mohammed. The prophets teachings directly expressed and represented the will of Allah. (Peters). They also believe that their God, Allah spoke through traditional prophets such as Moses and Jesus before He enlightened Mohammed. Islam is currently the second largest religion in the entire universe. Similarities between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are monotheistic religions, and they worship one God who is the God of Abraham, Moses, and Adam and the lord, sustainer, as well as creator of the universe. The three faiths share a common belief of oneness of God, angels, sacred history (history as theater of activities of God as well as experience of humankind and God), divine revelation prophets and Satan (Peters). The three faiths also stress accountability, moral responsibility, eternal reward, Judgment Day and punishment. All the three faiths stress their unique covenant with God; Christianitys covenant through Jesus Christ, Judaisms covenant through Moses and Islams covenant through Muhammad. Peace is essential to all the three religions. This can be historically reflected in the way they use similar greetings with the similar meaning peace be upon you. These greetings are pax vobiscum for Christianity, Shalom Aleichem for Judaism and salaam alaikum for Islam (Gilman). The origins of the three religions are southwest Asia. Christianity and Judaism originated from Israel and Islam from the Middle East. They share most of their history and most prophets. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are united by core values such as modesty, honesty, and devotion to God. Leaders of the three religions including King David, Joshua, Richard the Lion-Hearted, Constantine, Saladin, and Muhammad have all engaged in a holy war to defend or spread their empires or communities (Armstrong). The joining of politics and faith still exist in modern time though they manifest in different ways as seen in South Africa, the Middle East, Israel, America, and Northern Ireland. Differences between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam †¹One of the main difference existing between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam is their view or perception of Jesus Christ. According to Christianity, Jesus Christ is the son of God as well as the Messiah. Islam religion consider Jesus Christ as a prophet, and they dont believe in His resurrection (Aman). Judaism does not believe or recognize Jesus Christ as the son of God as well as the Messiah. †¹Christianity puts its emphasis on theology. Historically, in Christianity, cleavages, and disputes in the community originated from theological beliefs, i.e., relationships of Jesus Christ, humankind and divine natures or nature of the Trinity (Peters). Judaism and Islam, on the other hand, put their emphasis on practice instead of belief and law instead of dogma. The main religious discipline in Islam and Judaism has been religious law (Aman). The major debates and disagreements in Islam and Judaism were among scholars of religious laws over religious practice matters. †¹Christianity believes in the Holy Bible, both the Old Testament and New Testament. They do not believe or recognize the Holy Quran. Judaism believes in the Hebrew/Tenakh Bible. Torah is the Old Testament. They dont believe in The Holy Quran or the New Testament. Islam believes that the Gospel and Torah are Holy Scriptures whose messages of the Old and New Testament have already been corrupted by humankind. Islam believes in Holy Quran (Aman). †¹Christianity and Judaism believe that Jesus Christ was crucified. Islam believes that Jesus was never crucified and he did not die. According to Islam religion, Jesus ascended bodily to Heaven. Christianity believes in resurrection of Jesus Christ. Judaism does not believe in resurrection of Jesus Christ as they did not believe in him as the Son of God (Gilman). Islam doesnt believe in resurrection of Jesus Christ because according to them, he never died. Christianity believes that Jesus Christ was the Messiah. Judaism and Islam believe that the Messiah will come in the future and it is not Jesus Christ. Conclusion Christianity, Judaism, and Islam are among the most influential and popular religions in the history of the world. We have seen that Judaism large like Islam and Christianity. However, its effects on the world have been felt. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all considered Abrahamic religions. This is because they all worship and believe in the God of Abraham. They call their God different names due to language differences. They share numerous similar qualities. The three religions believe that God created the universe. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are fiercely monotheistic. Despite numerous similarities, they have differences, and that is the reason they are not the same. These differences can be seen in their history, worship, and study. Work Cited Aman, Israa. The monotheistic faiths: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Philadelphia: Mason Crest, 2017. Armstrong, Karen. A history of God: The 4,000-year quest of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Ballantine Books, 2011. Gilman, Sander L., ed. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam: Collaboration and Conflict in the Age of Diaspora. Hong Kong University Press, 2014. Peters, Francis E. The Children of Abraham: Judaism, Christianity, Islam. Vol. 34. Princeton University Press, 2018.

Sunday, May 10, 2020

The Equator Principle, A Risk Management Framework...

The equator principle, a risk management framework designed and adopted for financial institutions that requires those who are bound by this code to carefully measure, determine, and think through the environmental and social implications of a project and make the proper procedures to ensure that debtor it is loaning the money to exercise a pretty high standard of care before financing the said project. The equator principle sets a minimum standard of due diligence to support responsible decision making for these financial institutions before making a loan. Currently, there are 80 financial institutions who have adopted the equator principle. Among these financial institutions is the third largest bank by market capitalisation in Australia†¦show more content†¦Phnom Penh Sugar, the sugar plantation behind these dreadful news is a company owned by Cambodian tycoon and ruling party senator Ly Yong Phat, who with the help from ANZ Bank, has successfully transformed 20,000 hectares of land in the once peaceful Kampong Speu province in Cambodia, the country’s most impoverished region, into the largest sugar operation in Cambodia. These news leaves the impression to the public eye, especially the analysts, investors, and stakeholders, that the banking giant’s desire to portray itself as an ethical bank, as a bank that is a signatory to various internationally renowned standards that are committed to social and environmental sustainability is less than serious. Modern times requires the need for modern managers, and these modern managers are required to have a high sensitivity about issues concerning ethical behaviour and social responsibility due to increasing pressure from interest groups, legal bodies, government officials, media coverage, and the public. A manager’s level of thinking about corporate social responsibility ranges from â€Å"To make a profit is the only responsibility of a business† to â€Å"It is also within an organisation’s responsibilities to assume responsibility for its impact on society† Proactive responsibility is present when an organisation assumes responsibilities that go above and beyond what its immediate responsibilities areShow MoreRelatedBusiness Ethics : Australian And New Zealand Banking Group2923 Words   |  12 Pageswith ethics principles. The case study part focus on values and principles within the banking industry, and canalise the subject into ANZ Case. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Sense Of Life Satisfaction Health And Social Care Essay Free Essays

string(30) " scene is basically relevant\." The survey of quality of life, self directed larning and issues of psychological, physical, societal and economic position in older grownups have been of import countries of research over the past few decennaries ( Maddox and Wiley, 1996 ) . Such researches have led to the development of schemes to maximise capacity and potency to cover with the jobs and procedures associated with ripening. At the same clip surveies of relationship between ego directed acquisition and geriatrics have been fuelled. We will write a custom essay sample on A Sense Of Life Satisfaction Health And Social Care Essay or any similar topic only for you Order Now Development of graduated tables like Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale – SDLRS ( Guglielmino, 1997 ) which aim to measure the preparedness of a individual to self-learn hold well increased the attending in the field of gerontology instruction literature. Surveies by Hassan ( 1991 ) and McCoy ( 1992 ) reflect straight relative relationship between grownup ‘s age and impulse to command learning.A However, for the older grownups there have been no published histories to echo the comparing between the tonss of SDLRS and quality of life. Though Dowden ( 2008 ) laid down that larning attempts consequence in improved life quality, it is now of import to find relationship between steps of life quality and preparedness for autonomous acquisition. Therefore, the focal point of the paper would be to analyze such relationships. A Problem Statement A The present probe is based on a double job as evident from the debut and subsequently supported by the reappraisal of literature. The job countries are listed below. Some older grownups through ego directed learning overcome hurdlings to keep their province of good being, while most other older grownups find themselves awkward to keep this province. Better apprehension of why merely a few older grownups opt for autonomous acquisition to fulfill their intrinsic demands. A Measures of quality of life and leaning to larn vary well among the old aged grownups and these discrepancies form the evidences of the job countries under survey. Validating a nexus between willingness on autonomous acquisition and life quality can so put down the foundations of utilizing self directed acquisition as a scheme to keep high province of good being in older grownups. A Purpose/Objectives A This paper will specifically concentrate on two wide aims based on the job countries. Furthermore, since, non much has been published about grownup ‘s ego directed acquisition, hence, the research intent will be completed by a 3rd aim. To find and analyze the assorted considerations and methods in analyzing autonomous acquisition. To analyze the relationship between avidity for acquisition and quality of life in older grownups. To analyze the relationship between older grownup ‘s demographic variables and extent of autonomous acquisition preparedness. Hypothesiss A The undermentioned hypotheses were constituted to steer the analysis of informations. There is a positive relationship between avidity for acquisition and quality of life. There is a important difference in autonomous acquisition preparedness and quality of life of institutionalised topics and community based sample. There is a important relationship between older grownup ‘s demographic variables and extent of autonomous acquisition preparedness. Definition of Key Footings A Quality of Life – The World Health Organization defines Quality of life as â€Å" an person ‘s perceptual experience of their place in life in the context of the civilization and value systems in which they live and in relation to their ends, outlooks, criterions and concerns. It is a wide ranging construct affected in a complex manner by the individual ‘s physical wellness, psychological province, personal beliefs, societal relationships and their relationship to salient characteristics of their environment † ( Oort, 2005 ) . Older AdultA – for the intent of the survey, any individual above the age of 60 old ages is defined as an older grownup. A Reappraisal of Literature A A Campbell ( 1991 ) stated that quality of life is a obscure term and can non be explained by a individual precise definition. While Kalish ( 1995 ) discussed four important constructs of quality of life in relation to geriatrics: A sense of life satisfaction at the present age A socially acknowledged manner of life for the senior citizens. A sense of felicity with one ‘s activities and societal position. Care of desirable activities of mid-life. ( p.60 ) A A This reflects a important relationship between geriatrics and quality of life where quality of life is viewed as a â€Å" major constituent † of successful ripening ( Leonard, 1982 ) . Later, Larson ( 1998 ) associated successful aging with province of wellbeing and stated that the latter is a â€Å" positive emotionalism experienced by older individuals. † ( 1998, p. 109 ) . Therefore, quality of life can be viewed as one ‘s sense of psychosocial wellbeing. A Subsequently, to make off with the restrictions of unidimensional graduated tables of quality of life and the multidimensional Quaity of Life Index A -QLIA ( Neugarten, et Al. 1961 ) , Salamon and Conte ( 1991 ) published a new step of quality of life. An Indian version of the same viz. â€Å" Scale K – Quality of Life inA the Aged † ( SKQLE ) contains 25items in five long Likert subscales viz. , â€Å" positive ego construct † , â€Å" positive affectivity † , â€Å" prosecuting a meaningful life † , â€Å" conformance in achieved and desired ends † and â€Å" control over learning activities † and 15 points in three short subscales viz. , â€Å" societal interactions † , â€Å" physiological and psychosocial wellness † and â€Å" economic stableness † . ( Khullar and Rai, 2009 ) For the intent of the present survey SKQLE was employed for two grounds. It was standardised on the population under survey i.e. in the Indian context The factors of the graduated table can be linked to geriatric instruction literature and/or preparedness for ego directed acquisition. In the undermentioned subdivisions, the SKQLE, proposed for informations aggregation in this survey, is discussed in item. In 1971, Tough categorized the attacks to analyze self directed larning phenomena for older grownups as learning undertakings ( Tough, 1971 ) . Later it was categorized as qualitative or autonomous preparedness ( Passmore, 1986 ) . Evidence based research findings reflected a wide scope of parametric quantities like psychosocial factors significantly correlate with ego directed learning preparedness. Based on the debut, besides the survey of quality of life of older people in context to residential scene is basically relevant. You read "A Sense Of Life Satisfaction Health And Social Care Essay" in category "Essay examples" Findingss suggest that quality of life is significantly better in community sample than in a sample from institutionalised and long term attention puting ( Wolk and Telleen, 1999 ) . Furthermore, they published that the degree of quality is determined by other correlatives of the residential scene of the older grownups. Methodology This subdivision includes a elaborate treatment on the methodological analysis proposed for intent of the present research. Research Design A An Ex station facto research design has been used for the present survey. A The survey will therefore affect informations aggregation on the two aforementioned variables and any differences determined will reflect the fluctuation of consequences in rating attempts in conformity to self directed larning preparedness tonss, gender, residential scenes, age, and quality of life tonss without any use from the research worker ‘s terminal. Location A The research is conceptualized maintaining in head the population of old aged grownups in India. However, with respect to the fluctuations in socioeconomic position and other demographic elements, it is necessary to specify the survey scene. The survey, therefore, includes older grownups populating in two scenes. One, elderly in place scenes in Gomti Nagar, Lucknow, who require minimum support and receive attention and other in senior citizen ‘s Grih Seva Sansthan, Lucknow, who do non necessitate twenty-four hours attention and are largely retired and self prolonging citizens. This puting facilitates placing the two groups mentioned in the proposed survey and besides aids in informations aggregation. Population and Sampling Plan To reflect upon the population, it was determined that 284 people of 60 old ages of age or older live in place scenes while 366 reside in the Grih Seva Sansthan ( institutionalised scene ) . A From both scenes, a entire random sample of 200 people will be drawn utilizing a random tabular array. The sample shall represent 100 people from each scene. This sample will guarantee a normal distribution of tonss in SKQLE and SDLRS because of a satisfactory cross subdivision of topics in footings of age, gender, socio-economic position and residential scenes. The information therefore obtained will assist statistical comparings for the declared hypotheses. A Data Collection Procedures To mensurate an independent variable, a dependent variable and other moderator variables two instruments shall been employed in the proposed survey. The graduated tables shall be distributed personally by the research worker and the location helper. Explanations shall be provided to those necessitating farther elucidations on the signifier. After a hebdomad ‘s clip, the research worker and location helper shall roll up the signifiers from the sample and thank them for their co-operation. A Independent VariableA – The independent variable under survey is the Quality of Life, which shall be measured utilizing the Scale K of Quality of Life in Elderly ( SKQLE ) . Dependent VariableA – Readiness for ego directed acquisition is the dependent variable in the proposed survey. Moderating VariablesA -A The present research includes three moderator variables- residential scene, gender and age. Tools Scale K – Quality of Life inA the Aged † ( SKQLE ) has been developed by Khullar and Rai ( 2009 ) . It is a self study stock list incorporating 43 points out of which 40 points are divided into short and long graduated tables, all concentrating on measuring of quality of life, as mentioned in the reappraisal of literature. The other three points assess the moderating variables. The manual shows the internal dependability coefficient of the graduated table as 0.93 while the trial retest dependability coefficient is 0.84. There is no reference the cogency of the graduated table. Give this restriction, SKQLE is still widely accepted owing to its high dependability coefficient and possible attack to mensurate the variables of quality of life. The Hindi interlingual rendition of Self Directed Learning Readiness Scale ( SDLRS ) has been employed in the proposed survey to mensurate the dependent variable. Guglielmino ( 1997 ) developed this graduated table to measure the perceptual experiences of the topics about the extent to which they possess attributes indispensable for ego directed acquisition. It is a 58-item Likert graduated table, with a reported dependability coefficient of.87 and a high internal and prognostic cogency. Datas Analysis A For the intent of analysis of informations, the hypotheses are shown in void signifier and different methods of analysis are proposed. There is no important relationship between avidity for acquisition and quality of life. There is no important difference in autonomous acquisition preparedness and quality of life of institutionalised topics and community based sample. There is no important difference in autonomous acquisition preparedness and quality of life in males and females. There is no important difference in autonomous acquisition preparedness and quality of life based on age. A The first hypothesis will be tested with a Pearson correlativity coefficient. The 2nd and 3rd hypotheses will be tested by chi-square, and 4th by t-test at.05 degree of significance. A corporate proving shall follow utilizing Analysis Of Variance ( ANOVA ) A Significance of the survey There have been extended surveies on the variables of quality of life and leaning for autonomous acquisition. But there have been no important surveies that have studied the two together and reported it in the context of older people. The research therefore proposed is important to set up a relationship between the two variables taking into history the extent to which the demographic variables act upon the preparedness for larning. It shall besides spread out the cognition base in context of older grownups as possible scholars. Schemes can be founded on its consequences to magnify the potency of older people to cover efficaciously with the jobs of old age and bettering quality of life. A Restrictions A Owing to the heterogeneousness of the older population, certain sections might be overlooked or can non be included hence, the generalizability of the consequences of the survey remains geographically limited. The independent and dependent variable are non concrete concepts but subjective perceptual experiences about one ‘s accomplishments to add value to life, therefore the consequences of the survey may be affected by dysfunctional beliefs about oneself. In absence of information about the cogency of SKQLE, the survey faces a restriction of formalizing what the tool purports to mensurate. Though at that place in information about high dependability of the tool, merely future researches with other sample and tools may steer better cognition of the constructs being studied in the proposed research. 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Thursday, April 30, 2020

Please Do Not Plagiarism My Paper Essays - Family,

Please do not plagiarism my paper The Three Key Concepts of Sociology Applied to Analyzing Single-Parent Families What is the term family? What does it mean? Who decides what makes up a family? The definition of family means "a set of relations especially parents and children" (American Century Dictionary 205). This might include anyone related to by blood or by adoption such as: step parents, grandparents acting as parents, and even brothers and sisters sometimes sharing the same household. The term family has been believed to coincide with the word "marriage". If you were to have a family, you were also thought to have a husband or wife. This was thought to be the norm for many centuries. This was named the "institutional family." But we have reinvented the word family. A family can consist of single parent family, step family, or a first marriage family. The role of the family is also a key concept in defining the family (Doherty 11). "In all societies the first major agent of socialization for most individuals is the family" (Thompson and Hickey 105). It is the nucleus of American life. The role of the American family is much the same as in any other country. Each family member has to fulfill his or her own part. Being a father, a mother, or a daughter. The mass media will have an influence on the family's role. For instance, the media has portrayed men to be thought of as the "bread-winner". To more or less support the family. This family type was atypical of the American family. This was called the "Traditional Nuclear Family." This kind of ideology has existed for centuries (Thompson and Hickey 386). But of all family types, single parent families have made the most gains during the past few decades. According to a sociological book called Society in Focus, the definition of a single parent family is "families in which one parent resides with and cares for one or more children" (387). "Researches estimate that a century ago one in three children spent part of their childhood in a single parent home" (384). This estimate is taken during the colonial period of America. More families in the twenty-first century will be single parent. This is because of the factor of people getting married later in life, the high rate of divorce, and the opportunity to gain a career. By view of the social structure, single parenting has changed the views of the way parents treat and raise their children. By definition, social structure is "the ordered relationships and patterned expectations that guide social interaction" (Thompson and Hickey 142). Even though there has been a decline in marriage, functionalism believes that the family is the foundation of social order. According to the sociologists Talcot Parsons, "any other type of family other than the nuclear family is dysfunctional in society because they are not suited for society's economic needs and therefore may be a potential threat to society" (2). Please do not plagiarism my paper The structural functionalist perspective views society as having a structure of several components. Family, religion, schools, state, and the economy. Each of these institutions are interrelated and interdependent (Thompson and Hickey 24). For instance marriage. The foundation of functionalism is the family. The family fulfills vital functions for instance culture, support, and status. The institute of marriage is important because functionalism ignores conflict and diversity. So functionalism, encourages marriage. Functionalism does not take into account the reasons why there are single parent families (Mills 2). In the Conflict Perspective, marriage and family do not coincide with one another. Rather conflict theorists agree that the environment and other forces shape the marriage and family. These powers "are rooted in structures of social inequality" (Eitzen and Baca-Zinn 1987:13). The Marxist view is those who have the means to produce wealth and those who don't. Capitalism is the capitalist class vs. the working class. With the divorce rate so high, single parents don't really affect capitalism. In fact, they might help benefit that economy. "Single mothers can produce cheap labor, social services not amenable to profit making, and new laborers for temporary dead-end jobs" (Thompson and Hickey 378). From the symbolic interactionist perspective, there are no fixed meanings. Marriage and family do not

Friday, March 20, 2020

What is the Relationship between the Social Definition of Deviance and the Medias Role in the Dissemination of Popular Culture

What is the Relationship between the Social Definition of Deviance and the Medias Role in the Dissemination of Popular Culture News reporting is one of the principal ways in which a society learns about itself. The main function of news media is to offer mass audience with information and account of events that occur in the world. Nevertheless, another less perceptible function is to act as an instrument of social control.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on What is the Relationship between the Social Definition of Deviance and the Media’s Role in the Dissemination of Popular Culture? specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The media plays a significant role in defining deviance and inflicting social controls, since it is the main player in interpreting public opinions and views. In this certain role, it acts as a type of deviance-defining elite that take a main part in constructing visions of stability, order and change and manipulating the control practices that agree with these visions. News media also stipulate what constitutes deviance. In the course of the regular practice of reporting news, media stations ideologically strengthen relations of ruling, sustaining the hegemonic power construction of the society wherein they are entrenched. The media also benefits the voices of those in legitimate groups such as politicians over those of deviant players. The power and social standing of sources determines their credibility, since reporters not only depend upon their objective construes, but also other sources when making news stories. News media deal with visualizing and, thus, defining deviant actions for their audience. In the course, the news media as well reproduce sound notions of community consensus and social order. Besides, the focus on deviance builds an entertainment approach that pacifies the business interests of news media groups. The television news industry, aware of its function in commercial entertainment, centers on heavily sensational, dramatic and titillating descriptions to draw and sustain a broad viewing audience. As Karl Max denotes, news media dictates to masses through creating false consciousness in the minds of the viewers. News media are among the groups that meet the criteria of what Max Weber calls the disenchantment of the contemporary world. Apparently, the role of news media in both distributing and representing public opinion and action is most evident when reporting on deviance, particularly on sub cultural youth deviance.Advertising Looking for essay on social sciences? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The predominance of television news stories that underline black youths and violence shows how news media institutions assist in shaping the process of choosing, defining and circulating social problems to the public. American films like Juice and Fresh receive national attention because they highlight the common view that crime and violence characterize the lives of African-Americans. The media pr omotes deviant behaviors by portraying black youths as pioneers of crime, violence and moral decay, since even innocent young black youths tend to adopt these behaviors so that they can live to societal expectations. Popular media has a valuable role in disseminating different cultures. It also leads to globalization, since much information concerning how people live emanates from representations of those groups in popular media. As Emile Durkheim explains, social facts originate from a prolonged interaction with others, mass media and academic education. Hence, whether such representations appear negative or positive, they have key social, political and cultural inferences. Most people obtain information about crime and the criminal justice structure from the news and entertainment media. We all interact with mass media or popular culture depending on aspects such as our social setting, opportunities, needs and interests for exposure. Yet, we do not approach the experiences of mass media/popular culture as void boxes. We all interact with the media despite our variations in age, race, ethnicity and gender. In conclusion, the media plays a significant role in defining deviance and inflicting social controls, since it is a main player in interpreting public opinions and views. Moreover, popular media has a valuable role in disseminating different cultures, since much information concerning how people live emanates from representations of those groups in popular media.

Wednesday, March 4, 2020

How to Survive Your Admissions Interview

How to Survive Your Admissions Interview Getting into a private school isnt as simple as just deciding to go. You must apply, which means youre going to need to submit an application, take a test  and prepare for the admission interview.   Why? Because schools want to get to know you in person to see how you will fit into their community. They have your transcripts, recommendations, and test scores to give  them a profile of your abilities. But, they also want to see the person behind all those stats and achievements. Check out these 12 tips on how to survive your admission interview: 1. Plan Ahead The interview is important, so make sure you schedule one well in advance of the interview deadlines. This also gives you time to prepare for the interview and review some potential interview questions that might be asked of you, and give you a chance to come up with some potential questions to ask your interviewer. 2. Take a Deep Breath and Relax An admission interview  can be  stressful, but theres nothing to worry about. Dont be scared and dont worry about how you look or what they will ask you; we have tips to help you with all of that. Remember: almost everybody is nervous at an interview. The admissions staff know this and will do their best to make you feel comfortable, at ease and as relaxed as possible. The trick is to not let your nerves get the better of you. Use your nerves to give you that natural edge and alertness you need to present yourself in the best light possible. 3. Be Yourself Be on your best behavior, socially speaking, but be yourself. While we all want to put our best foot forward when we interview, its important to remember that schools want to get to know you, not some perfectly poised robotic version of you that you think the interviewer wants to see.  Think positively. As a rule, the school will be trying to sell itself to you as much as you are trying to sell yourself to it. 4. Leave the Technology Behind Always turn off your cell phone, iPad and other devices before you go into the interview and put them away. It is rude to text or read messages or playing games during an interview. Even your smartwatch can be a distraction, so take a temporary hiatus from technology during your interview, which usually lasts only about 30 minutes. To avoid the temptation, leave your devices behind with your parents in the waiting room (and make sure the sound is off!).   5. Make a Good First Impression From the first moment you step foot on campus, remember that you want to make a good first impression. Greet people you meet openly, looking them in the eye, shaking hands, and saying hello. Dont whisper, dont stare at the ground and dont slouch. Good posture makes a strong impression. That goes for the interview itself, too. Sit up tall in your chair and dont jitter or fidget. Dont bite your nails or pull at your hair, and never chew gum. Be polite and respectful. Please and thank you are always appreciated and go a long way to indicating respect for authority and your elders and even your peers, should you meet other students. 6. Dress for Success Its common for students to ask, What should I wear to my private school interview? Lets remember that youre applying to private school, and most schools have strict dress codes and high standards for their students. You cant roll up to the interview looking like you just fell  out of bed and couldnt care less about the experience. Wear comfortable clothes appropriate for the occasion. Look up the schools dress code and do your best to align. You dont have to go out and buy the uniform itself if they have one, but make sure youre dressing appropriately. For girls, opt for a plain blouse and skirt or slacks, or a nice dress, and shoes that arent sneakers or flip flops. Use minimal makeup and accessories. Keep your hairstyle simple. Remember that youre applying to school, not to walk the runway. For boys, opt for a plain shirt, slacks and shoes (no sneakers) work for most situations. There is nothing wrong with expressing your individuality. Just make sure that the way you express it is appropriate. 7. Be Honest Dont lie or panic. If you dont know the answer to the interviewers question, say so. Look her in the eye and admit that you do not know the answer. Similarly, if she asks you a question you dont want to answer, dont avoid it. For example, if she asks why you failed algebra, explain why that happened and what you are doing about it. Showing that youre willing to own a mistake or problem and are actively working to fix it can go a long way. If attending their school is part of your strategy for improvement, say so. Honesty is an admirable personal quality which schools prize in an applicant.  Give truthful answers. If you are not a top student, admit it and tell the interviewer how you plan to achieve better results. Remember, they will see your transcript! Interviewers like to see an honest appraisal of ones strengths and weaknesses. If you can point to some challenge you had in your school work, for example, not understanding quadratic equations, and how you overcame that, you will impress the interviewer with your positive attitude and approach to life. This goes back to being honest. If you are honest and truthful, you will learn more and learn more easily. 8. Ask Questions Ask questions about the school, its programs, and facilities. Find out how it can help you achieve your goals. Determine as best you can how the schools philosophy meshes with yours.  Dont feel like you should ask questions just to ask, but instead, be sure to cover the topics you and your parents want to know more about. For example, you may be an avid  linguist who wants to study Mandarin. Ask in-depth questions about the Chinese Studies program, its faculty and so on. Its also important to do your research before the interview though. Dont show up asking if they have a soccer team; thats the kind of information you can easily find online. Also, dont ask a question that was already answered earlier in the interview. That shows youre not paying attention. You can, however, ask for more details about something you talked about earlier. 9. Pay  Attention Listen carefully to the questions being asked and what is being said. Is what you are hearing what you want to hear or is the school just not suitable for you? You will get a feel for that early in the interview. The last thing you want to do is zone out during the interview and not know what the interviewer said.   10. Be Thoughtful Think before you answer. Avoid mannerisms such as like and you know. Careless speech patterns can indicate a lack of discipline and general sloppiness. Standard business English is always acceptable. That does not mean that you have to repress your personality. If you are a free spirit, let that side of you show. Communicate clearly and convincingly. Make your points without being rude or overbearing. 11. Reflect When the interview is over, record your observations and compare these with your parents. Both of you will want to discuss these observations with your consultant later. Those recollections are important because they help determine which school is the best fit for you. 12. Follow Up Its important to follow up with your interviewer once its over. If theres time, send a handwritten thank you note to your interviewer. It will speak volumes for your ability to follow through and your personal sincerity. It doesnt need to be long, just a quick note thanking your interviewer for the meeting and perhaps reminding him of why you want to attend the school. If youre short on time, an email is a suitable alternative if youre on a fast track for decisions with limited time between the interview and decisions.

Monday, February 17, 2020

Racial Discrimation in the Criminal Justice System Research Paper

Racial Discrimation in the Criminal Justice System - Research Paper Example Even though minimized to bare levels presently, America has been a class society defined by seclusion of the minorities over the centuries. While facially neutral, the criminal law in the United States is enforced in a massively and pervasively biased manner that has often left the minorities fighting for total-inclusion, and the 21 century is not any different. Surprisingly, the degree with which such discrimination permeates the criminal justice system has defied remedy and lingers on in an era of advanced civilization. No wonder, therefore, that crime and punishment formed the basis of rich and powerful manifestations of the racial divide characterized by chain-gang style penal practices and prosecutorial and judicial bigotry in the early history of the United States. While many scholars and politicians may deny a factual racial disparity statistics, the reality is in the open and only those interested would dare see the truth behind the numbers. A study by the American Bar Association (2007) – in a research - quoted one of the most concise accounts of the law enforcers attitude toward black offenders. A research participant declared: "All three of my boys smoked pot [growing up]. I knew it. But I also knew if one was caught he would never go to prison. But if any of my neighbors got caught," adding that his neighbors were black, "they would go to prison for 10, 12 years" (p.71). Although overt racial discrimination may have diminished to the bare minimum, perceptive fairness of the entire criminal justice system is still a myth in reality in the United States. Minorities remain overrepresented at all stages of the criminal justice process both as offenders and as victims. Nothing services this claim than the statistical evidence of a racially skewed justice system tilted in favor of the white population as depicted in racial